Woman on desktop creating technical manual

One of the painful aspects of product creation is having a great product that nobody knows about. But you know what’s worse? Having a product that stands out in the market, touches on the user pain points, and everyone knows about - but nobody seems to figure it out. 

Why? Because of a difficult-to-understand technical manual and product documentation.

A report by Grammarly shows that businesses lose a staggering $1.2 trillion because of poor communication. This mainly accounts for businesses whose technical documents are difficult to understand.

Knowing what to describe, include, and exclude within technical documentation can boost your product immensely.

Whether you are a technical writer, engineer, product manager, or entrepreneur, you need to prepare a technical manual that speaks to everybody who will come across your product. Be it the development team, your organization, or the end user of the product. 

By using technical illustration and technical translation where need be, you can achieve good product communication.
Needless to say, everyone who comes across your product and its documentation should be able to understand and use it with ease.

In the next few minutes, we will explore the different tactics you can use to create a technical manual that stands out. We will discuss everything from the different types of technical manuals to best practices that elevate your technical manual creation skills.

Let’s begin.

What Is a Technical Manual

A technical manual is a document that provides detailed information on how to use, operate, maintain, or repair a particular piece of technology or software product. 

Technical manuals are typically written for a specific audience, such as engineers, technicians, or end-users, and may be provided in printed or digital formats.

The importance of a technical manual cannot be overstated, as it serves as a vital resource for anyone who needs to use or maintain a piece of technology or equipment. 

A well-crafted technical guide can help customers use a product more effectively and efficiently, and can reduce the need for customer support. It can also improve user satisfaction, reduce errors and mistakes, and increase safety.

A technical manual typically includes information on:

  • The specifications and capabilities of the product
  • Step-by-step instructions on how to use the product
  • The development process of the product 

Technical manuals can come in different forms and may also include diagrams, illustrations, or photographs to help clarify instructions or show the internal workings of the product. Technical illustrations typically simplify technical information in complex user guides.

In addition, technical manuals may provide information on troubleshooting common problems or performing routine maintenance tasks, and may include safety guidelines or warnings to help prevent accidents or injuries.


Overall, technical manuals are designed to provide users with the information they need to use or maintain equipment safely and effectively.

A well-crafted technical manual can save time and money for both the product maker and the user. 
For the product maker, it can reduce the need for customer support and increase customer satisfaction, which can lead to repeat business and positive word-of-mouth. 

For the user, it can reduce the need for troubleshooting and repair, which can save time and money and improve the overall user experience. We have previously provided user documentation tips on our Helpjuice blog and revealed why it is a critical part of general product documentation. 

Let’s now go over the different types of technical manuals.

Types of Technical Manuals

As mentioned earlier, there are different types of technical manuals depending on the use. Technical manuals are essential documents that provide instructions and information on how to operate, install, or maintain a product or system.

Understanding these various types of technical manuals can help you choose the appropriate one for your needs. Let’s look at some technical manual examples.

User Manual

A user manual provides step-by-step instructions on how to use a product or service. User manuals are typically written for the end-user or customer and are intended to be easy to read and understand, even for individuals with limited technical knowledge.

Maintenance Manual

Maintenance manuals give information on how to maintain and repair a product. They may include troubleshooting guides, maintenance schedules, and information on replacement parts. Hardware documentation provides a comprehensive guide on how to use, install, maintain, and troubleshoot a hardware product.

Service Manual

Service manuals are similar to maintenance manuals, but are typically designed for technicians or service personnel. They provide detailed information on how to diagnose and repair complex issues with the product.

Training Manual

Training manuals can help users learn how to operate or maintain a product with ease. A training manual may include interactive exercises, quizzes, and other learning tools to help users master the material.

Operations Manual

Operating manuals help a user with instructions on how to use a software product or technological product. They typically include step-by-step instructions, diagrams, and illustrations to guide the user through the process of operating the product.

Installation Manual

Installation manuals provide instructions on how to install a product. They usually include information on site preparation, wiring, and plumbing requirements.

Reference Manual

Reference manuals provide detailed technical information on a product, piece of equipment, or technology. They typically include product specifications, schematics, and other technical data that is useful for troubleshooting or design purposes.

Repair Manual

A repair manual is a type of technical guide that provides detailed instructions on how to diagnose and repair problems with a product or piece of equipment. Repair manuals are typically written as a how-to guide for technicians or service personnel and are intended to provide them with the information they need to troubleshoot and fix issues with the equipment.

Needless to say, creating technical manuals can bring a range of benefits to both your company and the end-user.
In the following section, we explore the benefits of having well-crafted technical manuals and how they can improve product usability, reduce costs, and enhance customer satisfaction.

Benefits of Creating Technical Manuals 

You can comfortably conclude by now that technical manuals play a crucial role in ensuring that products are used correctly and maintained properly. However, their importance goes beyond just providing instructions.

Well-crafted technical manuals can bring a range of benefits to both the product creator and the end-user. Some of the benefits of creating technical manuals include:

1. Improved Customer Satisfaction

Technical manuals can help customers use a product more effectively and efficiently, reducing the need for customer support or troubleshooting. This can lead to increased customer satisfaction and a better overall user experience.

According to Raconteur, providing good documentation can increase customer satisfaction by as much as 40%.

2. Reduced Support Costs 

By providing customers with the information they need to troubleshoot and fix common problems with a product, technical manuals can help reduce the need for customer support, saving the organization time and money.

This report by Harvard Business Review shows that having a knowledge base can reduce calls by up to 5%. A good knowledge base reduces the need for technical support.

3. Increased Safety

Technical manuals can include safety guidelines and information on how to use a product safely. Well-crafted technical manuals can improve safety by providing users with the information they need to use a product or system safely and effectively.

This reduces the risk of accidents or mishaps and can enhance the overall safety of a product.

4. Improved Product Quality 

Technical manuals can help ensure that a product is designed and made to meet the needs and expectations of its users.

By providing clear and concise instructions on how to use and maintain the product, tech manuals can help identify and address potential design flaws or building defects.

5. Compliance With Regulations and Standards

Technical manuals can help organizations comply with regulations and standards governing the use and maintenance of equipment or tech products. This can include safety standards, regulations, and industry-specific guidelines.

6. Enhanced Training and Development

Technical guides can be used to provide training and development for service personnel, technicians, and other employees responsible for maintaining or repairing equipment.

This can help ensure that employees have the knowledge and skills they need to perform their jobs effectively and efficiently.

7. Improved Communication and Collaboration

Technical manuals can be used to facilitate technical communication and collaboration between different departments within an organization.

For example, technical writers may work closely with product designers, engineers, and other stakeholders to ensure that the manual accurately reflects the features and capabilities of the product.

Best Practices for Creating a Technical Manual 

Now that we understand why technical manuals are so important, let’s consider some best practices for creating a tech manual.

To reiterate, creating a technical manual requires careful planning and execution to ensure that it effectively conveys the necessary information.

You will need to come up with a good technical manual design to present information in a clear and organized manner for users to understand and use your product or software effectively.

We will start by discussing the best practices for creating a technical manual that stands out, including defining your audience, organizing your content, and selecting the appropriate format.

Let’s begin.

1. Know Your Audience

First things first, understanding your audience is crucial when creating a technical manual. This will help you determine the appropriate level of technical detail, the tone and language to use, and the overall structure and format of the manual.


Knowing your audience means understanding their level of technical expertise, their familiarity with the subject matter, and their expectations for the manual. 

For example, if your audience is primarily composed of experts in the field, you may want to include more technical jargon and in-depth explanations. 

On the other hand, if your audience is less familiar with the subject matter, you may need to use simpler language and provide more context.

The tone and language of the manual should also be adapted to suit the audience. For instance, a manual intended for engineers may use technical language and be more formal in tone, while a manual intended for end-users may use simpler language and a more conversational tone. 

It is also essential to avoid using jargon or technical terminology that may be unfamiliar to the audience. If you need to use such terms, you should provide clear explanations and definitions.

2. Plan Your Content Well

Content strategy is crucial for creating a successful technical guide. Planning the content of a technical manual is essential for creating a clear and effective document. It helps to ensure that the manual is comprehensive, accurate, and easy to follow. 

A well-organized manual saves time and minimizes confusion, helping the reader to quickly find the information they need.

Here are some tips for organizing the information in a technical manual:

  1. Create an outline: Creating an outline is an effective way to organize information in a manual. It helps to group related information together and ensure that all necessary information is included. 

    To create an outline, identify the main sections and break them down into smaller subsections in a logical order. Use the outline as a guide when writing the manual and refer back to it to ensure that your content is well-organized. 

    The outline can also be used as a reference for future updates and revisions.
  2. Determine the objectives of the manual: Before creating a manual, it is important to determine its objectives. This involves identifying the purpose of the manual and what the reader should be able to accomplish after reading it. 

    Objectives can include providing technical instructions, outlining procedures, or providing reference material. Clearly defining the objectives of the manual will guide the content creation process and help ensure that the manual effectively meets the needs of its intended audience.
  3. Identify the target audience: Identifying the target audience is a critical step in creating a manual. It involves understanding the demographic characteristics and needs of the readers who will be using the manual. 

    This information will guide decisions on the language, tone, and level of technical detail appropriate for the manual. Understanding the audience's needs and preferences will help to create a manual that is clear, concise, and effective in meeting their objectives.
  4. Define the scope: Defining the scope of a manual is important for setting boundaries and expectations for the content. This involves identifying what topics will be covered and what will be excluded. 

    The scope should be determined by considering the objectives of the manual and the needs of the target audience. Clearly defining the scope will ensure that the manual stays focused and doesn't become too broad or overwhelming for the reader. 
    It will also help to ensure that the manual is completed within a reasonable timeframe and budget.
  5. Incorporate appropriate people: Incorporating appropriate people into the manual creation process is crucial to ensure that the final product meets its objectives and is effective for the target audience. 

    This involves identifying and involving subject matter experts, technical writers, editors, and other stakeholders as needed.

    Subject matter experts can provide valuable insights and expertise on the topic being covered, while technical writers can ensure that the content is presented in a clear and concise manner. 

    Editors can provide feedback and ensure that the manual is free of errors and inconsistencies. Incorporating appropriate people will help to create a high-quality manual that meets the needs of its intended audience.

Overall, organizing information in a technical manual is an essential step in creating an effective and user-friendly resource. To achieve this, information architecture is important for creating a structure that enables users to find and understand the information they need. 

A content management system (CMS) can also help to streamline the organization and management of content, while technical editing is critical to ensuring that the information is accurate and clear.

3. Writing and Formatting 

When writing a technical manual, it's important to present information in a clear and concise manner. Here are some tips for achieving clarity and conciseness in technical writing:

  • Use simple language: Avoid using complex vocabulary or technical jargon that may be difficult for the reader to understand. Instead, use plain language that is easy to understand.
  • Write in an active voice: Writing in an active voice helps to make sentences shorter and more concise, making it easier for the reader to follow.
  • Use short sentences and paragraphs: To reiterate, short sentences and paragraphs are easier to read and help to break down complex ideas into manageable pieces of information.
  • Avoid repetition: Repeating the same information multiple times can make the manual longer and more difficult to read. Instead, use synonyms or alternative phrasing to convey the same information.

In addition to clear writing, formatting is also essential for improving the readability of a technical manual. Here are some tips for formatting a technical manual:

  • Use headings and subheadings: Using headings and subheadings helps to break the manual into sections and makes it easier for the reader to find information. Headings also help to organize the information and create a logical flow.
  • Use bullet points and numbered lists: Additionally, bullet points and numbered lists help to break down complex information into easy-to-read chunks. They also make it easier for the reader to follow instructions.
  • Use images and diagrams: Building upon that idea, images and diagrams help to illustrate technical instructions and make them easier to understand. They also break up the text and make the manual more visually appealing.
  • Use tables: In the same vein, tables can be used to present information in a clear and organized manner. They can be used to compare features or to provide technical specifications.
  • Use a consistent format: Finally, using a consistent format throughout the manual helps to create a professional look and makes the manual easier to read. Make sure headings, font styles, and spacing are consistent throughout the document.

4. Review and Testing

Let’s now consider some points for reviewing and testing the manual. Once you have written and formatted your technical manual, it's essential to review and test it before distributing it to users. Here are some tips for reviewing and testing a technical manual:

  1. Review for accuracy: Review the manual for accuracy, including technical details and specifications. Make sure that all information is up-to-date and correct.
  2. Review for clarity: Review the manual for clarity and readability. Make sure that the instructions are clear and easy to follow.
  3. Get feedback from others: Ask other team members or stakeholders to review the manual and provide feedback. This can help to identify any areas that need improvement or clarification.
  4. Test the instructions: Testing the instructions is critical for the technical review to ensure that instructions are accurate and complete. This may involve physically installing or using the product or service.
  5. Test with users: Once the manual has been reviewed and tested internally, it's important to test it with users. This can help to identify any areas that are confusing or difficult to follow.
  6. Revise and update: Based on feedback and testing, revise and update the manual as needed. Make sure that any changes are clearly marked and documented.

5. Publishing and Distribution

Finally, after you have reviewed and tested your technical manual for your product or service, it's time to publish and distribute it. Here are some tips for publishing and distributing your technical manual:

  • Choose the right format: Consider whether your manual will be in print or digital format, and choose the best option for your audience.  Digital formats such as PDF, HTML, or eBook can be easier to distribute and update, while print manuals may be more suitable for certain audiences.
  • Make it accessible: Ensure that your manual is accessible to your target audience, whether through your website, email, or other channels. Consider providing multiple language versions or alternative formats, such as audio or video, for users with disabilities.
  • Keep it up-to-date: Your manual should be reviewed and updated regularly to reflect any changes to your product or software. Include version numbers and dates on your manual, and make it easy for users to find and download the latest version.
  • Promote it effectively: Ensure that your target audience is aware of your manual by promoting it through your website, social media, email campaigns, and other channels. Consider offering incentives such as discounts or special offers to encourage users to download or purchase your manual.
  • Provide support: Make sure that your users have access to product support channels, such as email, chat, or phone, in case they have any questions or issues with your product or software. Provide clear instructions on how to contact support, and ensure that your team is equipped to provide prompt and helpful assistance.
  • Gather feedback: Finally, gather feedback from your users on your manual, including its clarity, usefulness, and accessibility. Use this feedback to improve future versions of your manual and ensure that it continues to meet the needs of your audience.

To summarize, the following graphic illustrates what is involved in the typical technical manual creation process.


Enhancing the User Experience: Using a Knowledge Base for Your Technical Manuals

Creating a technical manual that stands out requires attention to detail and careful planning. By following the expert tips and strategies outlined in this article, you can create a technical manual that effectively communicates complex information to your users. 

Incorporating these best practices into your technical manual creation process also ensures that your manuals are effective, informative, and user-friendly.

It goes without saying - enhancing the user experience through the use of a knowledge base is a crucial aspect of creating technical manuals that stand out. A good knowledge base can be your technical documentation software, helping you can create user-friendly technical guides that provide your users with the information they need to succeed. 

Helpjuice provides you with the best knowledge base software to aid your technical manual creation process. Give it a try today for free!